Segesta was founded in pre-Hellenic times by the Elimi, ancient inhabitants of western Sicily. The city has historical significance due to its strategic proximity to the main Punic cities of the region.
An eternal rival of Selinunte, which it destroyed with Carthaginian assistance in 409 BC, Segesta gradually declined during Roman rule.
The renowned Segesta Temple stands proudly atop a hill in a captivating setting, representing one of the finest and most preserved examples of Doric art. The temple, although incomplete, showcases its grandeur with unfluted columns and no traces of its roof and cella.
Segesta’s Theater, constructed on the summit of Mount Barbaro in the 5th century, commands a dramatic position and was later rebuilt during Hellenistic times, retaining its appearance from this second construction phase.
Segesta’s history, from its pre-Hellenic origins to its rivalry with Selinunte and its decline under Roman rule, adds layers of intrigue to the site’s cultural significance. The Temple’s impressive solitary presence and the Theater’s majestic mountaintop location contribute to the allure of the site.
Exploring Segesta offers a glimpse into ancient civilizations, showcasing architectural skills and the passage of time. The historical significance of the site, the remarkable Temple and the theatre attract both history buffs and those looking for captivating panoramic views. Segesta testifies to the artistic achievements of its time and the eternal charm of the rich cultural heritage of Sicily.