Founded in 734 B.C. by Corinthian settlers as “Syraka,” Syracuse established itself in the 5th century as a powerful Greek colony in the Mediterranean. It later became the capital of the Eastern Empire during the Roman era. Despite the Arab conquest in 878, he maintained cultural influence thanks to figures such as the Arab poet Ibn Hamdis, Epicenter, inventor of comedy, Agàtocle, unifier of the southern Italian regions, and the scientist Archimedes.
The historic center of Syracuse is located on the island of Ortigia, connected to the mainland by a bridge that separates the Piccolo and the Grande Porto. Here stands the majestic Cathedral, occupying the sacred area of the Temple of Athena, with ancient columns visible in the walls. The Church of Santa Lucia alla Badia houses Caravaggio’s famous masterpiece “Il seppellimento di S. Lucia.”
Ortigia houses the ruins of the Temples of Apollo and Artemis, the legendary Fonte Aretusa surrounded by papyri and precious baroque buildings. In the Archaeological Park of Neapolis, stand out grandiose monuments, including the Greek Theatre, one of the largest in the ancient world, and the Latomie, quarries from which the city materials were extracted.
The castle Eurialo, built by Dionysus in the fifth century B.C. is an exceptional military complex of ancient Greece. With an area of 15,000 square meters, it has undergone changes over the centuries to adapt to new technical requirements. Syracuse, with its archaeological and architectural wonders, invites you to explore a fascinating past and rich in history. Plan your visit to immerse yourself in the unique heritage of this city.