Isoleinviaggio Tour Operator
Group and individual travels to Sicily, Malta and smaller islands
Founded in 734 BC from settlers of Corinth who gave it the name Syraka, the city of Syracuse in the fifth century affirmed his supremacy over many Mediterranean peoples.
The Roman emperor of the East, Constant II, made it for a period the capital of his empire, while with the conquest by the Arabs in 878, Syracuse lost dominance over the Sicilian cities, but continued to exert its cultural influence, thanks also to the presence of the great Arab poet Ibn Hamdis.
Syracuse is the homeland of Epicarmo, the inventor of the comedy, of Agatocle, who first tried to unify the southern regions of Italy, and was the home of the great scientist and mathematician Archimedes.
The historic center of the city is located on the island of Ortigia, today a unit on the mainland by a bridge that separates the Small port from the Great port.
Full of charm, history and natural landscape, the city is divided into two different groups: the urban part of the city and Ortigia, the historical heart of the city.
Piazza Duomo is an ancient sacred area surrounded by magnificent baroque palaces.
The Cathedral is an extraordinary case of mixed architecture: it stands on the ruins of a temple dedicated to Athena that was built in 480 BC. and, behind its baroque façade, it keeps a trace of the past with the Doric columns still visible both outside and inside. At the back of the square you can find the church of Santa Lucia alla Badia, which houses the painting of Caravaggio “The Burial of Saint Lucy”. In Ortigia you can also admire the Temple of Apollo, the oldest Doric temple in Sicily, the Fonte Aretusa, a fresh water spring that creates a small semicircular lake where the plants of the only natural Papyrus (Papireto) in Europe grow luxuriantly.
The Archaeological Park Neopolis
Built between 1952-55, includes most of the finds of the classic Greek and Roman Syracuse, unifying under one roof area of about 240,000 square meters, the remains of the ancient era.
The Greek Theatre is one of the biggest in the world, entirely carved into the rock.
In ancient times it was used for plays and popular assemblies, today it is the place where the Greek tragedies live again through the Series of Classical Performances that take place every year thanks to the INDA, National Institute of Ancient Drama.
The Ear of Dionysius is an artificial cave, resulting from an old aqueduct, more than 23 meters high.The cave owes its name to Caravaggio, who during a hike in 1608 noticed the resemblance to a human ear.
According to legend, Dionysius used to hold prisoners of war in the cave, to overhear their talk of conspiracy: the noise amplification is indeed significant, and would have allowed them to know important information about their enemies.
The Roman Amphitheater
Dating from the 3rd or 4th century d.C., is elliptical in shape and its dimensions (the external diameters are 140 and 119 meters) is slightly lower than the Verona Arena.
The Ara of Ierone
The remains of this gigantic structure, not far from the Greek Theater, bring to mind the public sacrifices that took place on this altar almost 200 meters long.
The Eurialo castle
Built by the will of Dionysus i in the fifth century a.C., the fortress is one of the most interesting military complexes of the ancient Greek world.
Spread over 15,000 square meters, the castle was rebuilt several times in the following centuries to adapt it to new technical and military needs.
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